BEIJING- It has been three weeks since the World Cup ended in Russia, allowing soccer fans worldwide to resume their daily routines.
But this is not the case for Mr Hu Liyong and his colleagues, as they are still busy in Yiwu, Zhejiang province, working on a backlog of orders for World Cup souvenirs from around the world.
Orders began flooding in three months before the month-long global sporting extravaganza kicked off on June 14, when Mr Hu’s company, Danyuan Information Technology, won the bid to be the sole Chinese agent for online sales of 2018 World Cup official souvenirs.
“Since the start of the World Cup, 30 per cent of the 100 categories of certified products sold out within a week,” said Mr Hu, who founded the company and is a soccer fan himself.
“So far, we have received orders for World Cup-related products from more than 100 countries and regions, with those from the United States, Chile and Brazil comprising the main bulk,” he said.
Mr Hu is just one of the millions of entrepreneurs in China cashing in on burgeoning cross-border e-commerce.
Statistics from the General Administration of Customs show that cross-border e-commerce has become the main growth engine for the country’s foreign trade, with a combined volume – both exports and imports – of 4.7 trillion yuan (S$939 billion) last year, a year-on-year increase of about 77 per cent.
Globally, cross-border shopping will comprise 20 per cent of e-commerce by 2022, with sales of US$627 billion (S$857 billion). The Asia-Pacific region, driven by China, will become the largest e-commerce cross-border region for both imports and exports, according to a report by research company Forrester.
With the robust growth of the e-commerce export sector, more newcomers are tapping emerging and niche markets such as the Middle East and northern Europe, unlike traditional online marketplaces such as Alibaba and Global Sources.
Take Jollychic in Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang province, for example. Founded in 2012 and now approaching consumers in Europe, the United States and the Middle East, its mobile shopping app has become the leading and most influential one in the Middle East, offering a full range of products based on big data analysis.
Jollychic mainly sells goods to countries and regions taking part in China’s Belt and Road Initiative. By the end of last year, registered users of the app globally topped 35 million, with its revenue growing by more than 300 per cent annually over the past five years. Mainly selling clothes, shoes, bags and home products to customers in the Middle East, it has offices in China, the US, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
The company acquired Marka VIP, a flash sales e-commerce platform in Jordan, last year and made this its second platform focusing on the Middle East.
“Right now we are still focusing on our mainstream Middle East market. We may also consider expanding into more countries taking part in the Belt and Road Initiative when conditions are ripe,” Jollychic co-founder Ding Wei told China Daily on the sidelines of the Third Global Cross-border E-commerce Summit in Hangzhou in June.
“Cross-border e-commerce, especially exports, involves many aspects, such as tariffs, after-sales and infrastructure. For us, over the next two years, the key task remains working on better localisation, especially in after-sales in the Middle East market,” Mr Ding said.
He added that the company employs more than 1,000 staff members in the Middle East, and plans to add 3,000 new jobs.
“It is only through understanding local consumption and living habits that we can better integrate into the local market in terms of marketing, promotion, sales and logistics,” he said.
Associate Professor of Marketing Wang Xiaoyi at the School of Management of Zhejiang University said that with enhanced Internet infrastructure, more businesses in countries taking part in the Belt and Road Initiative are keen to conduct cross-border trade online to lower their business risks.
For Danyuan’s Mr Hu, despite the increased business revenue, his biggest headache remains achieving smooth logistics and transaction payments across borders.
“Unlike China, which has developed a mature online payment network such as Alipay, overseas buyers sometimes still prefer to use credit cards when conducting transactions,” Mr Hu said.
He added that his company still relies on both online and offline payments to solve the problem, adding that it also still uses a cash-on-delivery payment method when working with local logistics companies.
When conducting cross-border e-commerce, companies have to work with banks and regulators. Even cultural differences can add to the stress, hindering smooth transactions.
One Chinese company is tackling such problems.
In September, PingPong Financial Group, a financial technology company in Hangzhou, said its Luxembourg entity, PingPong Europe, had received a licence from the Luxembourg government, making it the first Chinese fintech company to establish an office in Europe.
The licence enables PingPong, which offers an innovative and streamlined way for sellers to receive international payments from e-commerce platforms, to operate throughout Europe, improving e-commerce transactions between China and the continent through its payments services.
The company, a startup launched in 2015, aims to reduce both the time and costs for Chinese Internet sellers to receive international payments from e-commerce platforms in their local currency. It said it is the sole payment platform to focus exclusively on repatriating e-commerce revenue to China.
The European Union’s payment licensing requirements are especially stringent, with strict regulations covering infrastructure, shareholder qualifications and information security programmes. Only 10 foreign companies have obtained such a licence in Luxembourg. Among the Chinese financial services companies to have established a presence in the EU, PingPong is the only startup. The others are all major Chinese banks.
PingPong Financial Group has offices in the US, Japan and Luxembourg, as well as its Hangzhou headquarters.
“For the past three years, we’ve served 250,000 SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises) in China,” said co-founder and chief marketing officer Lu Shuai.
“I believe SMEs will be the most dynamic economic force in China. Through our services we can now shorten the time for repatriating e-commerce revenue to less than 24 hours, compared with seven to 15 working days before 2016.”
To further advance the opening-up drive and transform and upgrade foreign trade, the State Council, China’s Cabinet, announced on July 13 that comprehensive cross-border e-commerce experimental zones would be set up in 22 cities.
They include Beijing; Hohhot, capital of the Inner Mongolia autonomous region; Shenyang, capital of Liaoning province; Nanning, capital of the Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region; Lanzhou, capital of Gansu province; and Yiwu in Zhejiang.
Customs clearance procedures will be simplified for e-commerce enterprises.
This move further demonstrates China’s belief that e-commerce is the way in which international trade will develop.
Since 2015, China has set up 13 cross-border e-commerce experimental zones. Hangzhou, home to e-commerce giant Alibaba, was the first such zone, and its trade volume in cross-border e-commerce has risen from more than 100 million yuan in 2014 to more than 60 billion yuan last year, with the scale of the industry increasing nearly 500 times.
Cross-border e-commerce has become a new engine for Hangzhou’s economic growth and industrial upgrading.
The network of experimental cross-border e-commerce zones formed nationwide lays a solid foundation for them to become a major trade channel, which will boost not only China’s exports but also imports to meet the demands of domestic consumers.
Most of the experimental zones are linked with Europe by regular freight rail services, and cross-border e-commerce will boost trade between China and Europe, as well as countries along the Silk Road Economic Belt.
The development of cross-border e-commerce in China will help to promote the balanced development of trade globally, bringing new opportunities to more countries and enterprises, while promoting China’s international trade.
Mr Hu, from Danyuan Information Technology, said: “The launch of an e-commerce zone in Yiwu will definitely prompt cross-border online trading firms like us to speed up our layout overseas, prompting us to set up more warehouses to handle exports.”
He added that customs clearance efficiency is expected to be greatly improved, significantly reducing the costs for trading companies such as Danyuan.